Diabetes is a disease linked with abnormally large amounts of glucose (sugar) in the blood.
The normal fasting (8 hours of no food) blood glucose level is 70–99 mg/dl (3.9–5.5 mmol/L) and the normal blood glucose levels after a meal is lower than 140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/L).
Diabetes was first discovered in English around 1425. If your parents have diabetes, you might be at risk of getting it.
The countries where Diabetes is most common in the world are the United States, India, and China. Did you know that Diabetes is the third leading cause of death in the United States?Did you know that Diabetes is the third leading cause of death in the United States? Click To Tweet
Causes of Diabetes
Many people have the misconception that too much sugar consumption causes Diabetes. Although sugar consumption can play a role in one getting Diabetes,
Insulin (produced by the Pancreas) breaks down glucose to be used for energy. The lack of insulin or the inability of the body cells to use insulin leads to diabetes.
Below are some risk factors which will predispose one to get Diabetes.
- High Blood Pressure
- Obese or overweight people
- High blood levels of triglycerides and “bad” cholesterol (Low-density Lipoprotein)
- Lack of exercise (Sedentary lifestyle)
- A family history of Diabetes.
- An increase in age
- Gender (men)
- Race. According to the American Diabetes Association, African Americans, Mexican Americans, American Indians, Native Hawaiians, Pacific Islanders, and Asian Americans are more at risk.
- Pre-Diabetes (Impaired glucose tolerance).
- Insulin resistance (the cells of the body resist insulin)
Types of Diabetes
There are two types of Diabetes namely: type 1 ( affects children or children are born with it) and type 2 (affects adults or Diabetes that develops).
Signs and Symptoms of Types 1 and 2 Diabetes.
- Sweet/ sugary urine
- exaggerated thirst
- Strange weight loss (5% of your body weight in a short period of time)
- Excessive hunger
- Wounds that cannot heal
- Increased yeast infections
- Tickling and/or numbness in the toes or feet
- Frequent urine output
- Itching skin
Complications of Diabetes
- Heart disease/ failure
- Vision problems/ Blindness
- Kidney failure
- Gastroparesis (digestive problems)
- Amputations of legs and hands
- Fainting/ dizziness
- Gum disease/ bleeding gums.
- Peripheral diabetic neuropathy (pain and/or loss of feeling in your toes or fingers).
Medications help to prevent the onset of and treat diabetes. Some people might be prescribed oral medications or injected insulin.
Oral medications work in different ways. For example, Sitagliptin improves the release of insulin from the Pancreas whereas Metformin increases the liver’s sensitivity to Insulin. Other examples of oral Diabetic medications are Glipizide, ACTOS, Precose, Prandin, Glyburide, and much more.
There are 4 types of injected insulin namely: rapid, short, intermediate, and long-acting insulin. Therefore, you need to consult with your doctor to know which medication best fits you.
2. Hormone injections with a syringe:
To prevent the build-up of blood glucose levels, the hormone Insulin is injected into the body during the time the doctor prescribed.
Common areas where Insulin is injected are the stomach, arms, and thighs. To prevent soreness and bumps from developing at the injection sites, it is advisable to rotate the administration sites.
It’s quite painful to stick oneself several times a day with a syringe, so Insulin pumps and Continuous Glucose Monitors were produced to relieve you of the stress of daily pricking and will automatically monitor your blood glucose levels.
3. Injections with a pen:
Insulin injection with a pen
4. Injections with a pump:
This is a more sophisticated method to administer Insulin. An insulin pump delivers insulin to the body using a tube which is attached to a person and secured with a patch.
A small device at the end of the tube monitors the amount of insulin administered and can even alert you when it’s time to refill the insulin.
5. Eat healthy food:
Your meals play a vital role in diabetes management as it reduces blood sugar or helps the cells to absorb insulin more.
Examples of natural foods that can help you in this journey are almonds, dark chocolate, green tea, apple cider vinegar, cinnamon, and honey.
You don’t need to sign up for a gym to exercise. You can exercise right from the comfort of your home.
Examples of simple home exercises are jumping jacks, squats, running on one spot, push-ups, bicep curls, and even dancing will do.
7. Shed weight:
Losing weight isn’t difficult once you put your mind into it. I know it can be a little overwhelming out there with so many people are promoting weight loss diets, but there’s a diet I’ve used and can testify that IT WORKS.
It’s called the 1 WEEK DIET and I LOST 10 POUNDS with it. If you’re interested in checking it out
8. Blood Glucose Meters:
It is essential to monitor your blood glucose levels to determine if your blood glucose is within the normal range ( fasting => 70–99 mg/dl (3.9–5.5 mmol/L) and after a meal =>lower than 140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/L).
Monitoring blood glucose levels with a blood glucose meter involves pricking the finger and placing the blood sample on the monitor.
There is no need to prick fingers anymore with the production of the blood glucose patch as the patch monitors the blood sugar levels.
However, some patches may malfunction and the only way to be sure of the blood glucose readings is to use the traditional blood glucose meters.
9. Diabetes Phone Apps:
Phone apps help you make smart and healthy food choices. These apps help you monitor your sugar, carb, hunger, sleep, exercise, mood, and calories among others.
Besides, you can reach out to a community of other people like you on the same journey if you have any questions or advice. With some of these apps, you can set reminders and track your history just to see how far you’ve progressed.
Diabetes phone apps can be accessed from both Android and iPhone devices, ensuring that you have no excuse to manage your diabetes.
Examples of FREE DIABETES APPS are Fooducate, Health2sync, and BG Monitor. Other apps which you can synchronize with your glucose monitoring devices are Glucosio, Dexcom Share, Beato,
Calorie King, Glooko, and Medtronic Connect.
10. Continuous Glucose Monitors (CGM):
CGM’s monitors are similar to insulin pumps in that they are great alternatives to daily finger pricking to measure your blood glucose levels.
Like Insulin pumps, CGM’s monitor the blood sugar levels every second of the day and night. Everything you need to know about CGM’s
The top recommended CGM’s from customer reviews and quality are Medtronic Glucose Monitor, FreeStyle Libre Reader and sensor, Dexcom G6 Receiver + sensor, and Dexcom G4/G5 Sensors + Dexcom G5 Receiver + Dexcom G4 Receiver.
Insulin Pump Clothing Accessories.
According to the American Diabetes Association, about 1 million people are using insulin Pumps worldwide.About 1 million people are using insulin Pumps worldwide. Click To Tweet
One of the biggest worries plaguing people when they decide to switch from insulin syringes/ pens to insulin pumps is how they will conceal the bulge of the pump under their clothes.
Well, WORRY NO MORE because I have made extensive research and gathered THE BEST INSULIN PUMP CLOTHING ACCESSORIES based on their price, quality, reviews from other customers, and the effectiveness to conceal the pump.
1. Insulin Pump Bands:
These are the most popular as it is versatile and can be worn by both men and women. It can be used daily for exercise, work, and other activities. It comes in several colors and can fit anyone as it expands.
2. Boxer Briefs
These briefs are suitable for men as it is made up of cotton and spandex.
It comes in 3 pairs and different sizes.
The pocket can hold an insulin pump, phone, passport or any other thing you want to hold on tight to.
3. Insulin Pump Pouch.
The pouch is big enough to carry other items like vials but is small enough to prevent the insulin pump from moving around.
The pouch also comes in different styles.
The pouch can be worn under your shirt or on top of your shirt to complement your dressing.
4. Insulin Pump Case.
This is the case my dad uses.
It is comfortable and suitable for both men and women.
It can be attached to your trousers either using its strong metal clip or using your belt.
And it fits any type of insulin pump.
5. Insulin Pump Garter.
All the stylish ladies, where you at?
This was specially made for you guys.
It could be used for weddings, outings or everyday use if you want.
The garter has 2 pockets and a sturdy material that can carry your credit cards, purses, and even your insulin pumps.
Top 5 Adhesive Patches to Extend the Life of Your Sensor.
Does anyone relate to this?
- Your sensor gets snugged during your change of clothes.
- You cannot swim because you fear water will reduce your sensor’s lifespan.
- After some exercise, your sweat starts lifting your sensor.
If you can relate to 1 or more of the above situations, then you’re in need of some adhesive patches. Below are the top 5 adhesive patches chosen based on their price, quality, and reviews from other customers.
1. Simpatch for Freestyle Libre.
This is the most popular adhesive patch and was designed to fit the freestyle libre sensor.
The Simpatch comes 25 in a pack and its qualities include: durability, comes in different colors, hypoallergenic, easy to use, breathable, and most importantly 100% money-back guarantee.
2. Skin Grip for Dexcom G4/G5.
This is another famous adhesive patch. It comes 20 in a pack
Its qualities include lasting for over 10 days, easy application, no skin irritation, comfortable, and 100% money-back guarantee.
3. Simpatch for Omnipod Sensors.
Like the others, these adhesives also have great qualities: easy to use, no allergies, 100% money back guarantee, strong, and breathable material.
These adhesives come 25 in a pack and come in a variety of colors.
If you’d like an exciting feeling or for the sake of your kids, you could add these stickers to your sensors.
4. Simpatch for Dexcom G6 Sensors.
The only difference between Dexcom G4/G5 with Dexcom G6 is the design.
Everything else with respect to its durability, maintenance, and money back guarantee is the same.
Dexcom G6 adhesive patches come 25 in a pack and in a variety of colors too.
5. Simpatch for Omnipods with a Strap.
These adhesives offer an additional security measure to your Omnipod compared to the design in number 3 above.
Apart from that, everything else is the same.
By the same, I mean easy to use, no allergies, 100% money back guarantee, strong, and breathable material.
They also come 25 in a pack and in different colors.
Diabetes Questions With Answers.
1. Will Diabetes ever be cured?
As of now, there is no cure for Diabetes.
However, there are exercises, diets, insulin therapy, and medication (see above) that will control the disease and prolong life.
Hopefully, its cure will be found in the future.
2. Can Diabetes kill?
Diabetics can die because of diabetes complications such as Heart disease, Blindness, Kidney failure, Stroke, and Impotence.
However, if these complications are well managed, that person can live a healthy life till when God decides to call him/her.
3. Can Diabetes cause Cancer?
According to WebMD, Diabetes increases the risks of Cancer, but no one knows how.
It is believed that Diabetes medication increases Cancer risk, but there is no proof.Did you know that Diabetes increases the risk of having Cancer? Click To Tweet
4. Can Diabetes Cause Weight Gain?
Diabetes doesn’t cause weight gain but weight gain is a side effect of Insulin for people who use it to manage their Diabetes.
With regular exercise and healthy eating, weight gain will be an issue of the past.
5. Can Diabetes Cause High Blood Pressure?
Diabetes destroys arteries (a tube that carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the rest of the body).
These destroyed arteries heal, harden, and become narrow (atherosclerosis) thereby increasing the pressure of blood flowing through them.
This increased blood pressure(high blood pressure) can lead to strokes and heart disease as seen in the complications of Diabetes.
6. Are Diabetes and Psoriasis Related?
Yes. People with Psoriasis ( a red, scaly, itchy, patchy skin disease) have a higher risk of getting Diabetes.
7. Why Does Diabetes Occur in pregnancy?
Gestational Diabetes is a term used to describe Diabetes got as a result of pregnancy.
Gestational Diabetes occurs because the placenta (lining of the Uterus which nourishes the baby through the umbilical cord) makes hormones which lead to the buildup of glucose in the blood.
Gestational Diabetes often disappears as soon as the baby is born, but it shouldn’t be neglected as Gestational Diabetes may become Type 2 Diabetes (Adult Diabetes or Diabetes that develops)
8. Will Diabetes Cause Hair Loss?
A big fat YES.
Diabetes damages organs like the eyes and kidneys as well as blood vessels.
Blood vessels carry oxygenated blood to nourish different parts of the body. If these blood vessels are damaged, that means, there wouldn’t be enough oxygen to nourish the hair follicles. Thereby affecting hair growth.
9. Will Diabetes Cause Joint Pain?
Yes, but their relationship isn’t clear.
It is believed that Diabetes increases the risk of bone and joint pain.
10. Will Diabetes Cause Boils?
Diabetes doesn’t cause boils. However, blood sugar changes can make your skin more sensitive to infections (fungal and bacterial).
11. Can Diabetes Affect Hearing?
Yes, to a greater extent.
As of now, no one knows how diabetes directly affects hearing loss, but it is believed that just like how diabetes damages the blood vessels of the kidneys and eyes, leading to kidney failure and blindness, it is the same way the blood vessels of the inner ear are destroyed, thereby leading to hearing loss.
12. Can Diabetes Cause Vertigo/Dizziness?
Yes, Diabetes causes Dizziness.
It is caused by the blood sugar fluctuations (high/low blood sugar levels) in the body.
13. Can Diabetes Cause Seizures?
Yes, Diabetes causes Seizures.
The brain needs glucose/ blood sugar to function properly. Low blood sugar levels deprive the brain of its nourishment and the result of this deprivation is seizures.
That is one of the reasons why diabetics monitor their blood sugar levels; to prevent seizures.
14. Can Diabetes Cause Depression?
Yes, to a greater extent.
This depression could develop due to diabetes daily management such as
blood sugar testing and administration of medication.
If depression is gradually creeping in, don’t hesitate to talk with your doctor about the various options available to manage your depression.
15. Will Diabetes Make You Itch?
Of course. Itching is one of the symptoms of Diabetes.
High blood sugar levels are the reason is behind the dry skin, thus the itching.
16. Will Diabetes Make You Sleepy?
Yes. It is believed that the high blood sugar levels can make you sleepy.
17. Diabetes Where Do You Inject Insulin?
The best way to remember these injection sites is to show a diagram.
18. Will Diabetes Show Up in Blood Work?
Yes, Diabetes will show up in blood work, but it could sometimes go unnoticed.
19. Are Diabetes and Cholesterol Related?
Diabetes and Cholesterol are related.
Diabetes reduces good cholesterol (High Density Liproprotein) and increases bad cholesterol (Low Density Lipoprotein).
PS: Both Diabetes and Cholesterol can lead to stroke and heart disease. Therefore, it is important to control them accordingly.
20. Why Diabetes Causes Polyuria.
Polyuria (frequent urination) is one of the symptoms of Diabetes.
Polyuria occurs in Diabetes by the process of Osmosis (a solute such as sugar from a region of high concentration pulls a solvent from a region of low concentration through a semi-permeable membrane).
Sugar pulls water from the body to the kidneys, thus the reason for the frequent urination.
21. Why Diabetes Slow Wound Healing
Diabetes slows wound healing in 3 ways.
- High blood glucose destroys the ability of white blood cells to fight bacteria leading to numerous infections.
- Diabetes is also linked with poor blood circulation. Red blood cells nourish wounds and lack of blood circulation means your wounds will be unable to heal.
- One of the symptoms of Diabetes is tingling in the extremities (feet, arms). This tingling you feel is your nerves being damaged. Damaged nerves= No feelings = more wounds in your extremities.
22. Are Diabetes and Insulin Resistance the same?
Insulin resistance = type 2 diabetes = body cannot use insulin well.
This is quite the opposite for Type 1 Diabetes where the body isn’t able to produce insulin.
23. Will Diabetes Cause Vomiting?
Mismanaged Diabetes may lead to Pancreatitis (inflammation of the Pancreas).
This inflammation causes symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting.
Hold Diabetes By Its Horns!
If you have any questions, experience or anything you’d like to share. Please leave them in the comments below.
And which methods do you use to manage your diabetes?