Diabetes- Everything You Need to Know.

Diabetes is a disease linked with abnormally large amounts of glucose (sugar) in the blood. 

The normal fasting (8 hours of no food) blood glucose level is 70–99 mg/dl (3.9–5.5 mmol/L) and the normal blood glucose levels after a meal is lower than 140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/L). 

Diabetes was first discovered in English around 1425. If your parents have diabetes, you might be at risk of getting it.

The countries where Diabetes is most common in the world are the United States, India, and China. Did you know that Diabetes is the third leading cause of death in the United States?

Did you know that Diabetes is the third leading cause of death in the United States? Click To Tweet

Causes of Diabetes

Many people have the misconception that too much sugar consumption causes Diabetes. Although sugar consumption can play a role in one getting Diabetes, but it is NOT the sole cause of Diabetes.

Insulin (produced by the Pancreas) breaks down glucose to be used for energy. The lack of insulin or the inability of the body cells to use insulin leads to diabetes.

Below are some risk factors which will predispose one to get Diabetes.

Types of Diabetes

There are two types of Diabetes namely: type 1 ( affects children or children are born with it) and type 2 (affects adults or Diabetes that develops).

Signs and Symptoms of Types 1 and 2 Diabetes.

  • Sweet/ sugary urine
  • exaggerated thirst
  • Strange weight loss (5% of your body weight in a short period of time)
  • Excessive hunger
  • Overtiredness
  • Wounds that cannot heal
  • Increased yeast infections
  • Tickling and/or numbness in the toes or feet
  • Frequent urine output
  • Itching skin

Complications of Diabetes

  • Heart disease/ failure
  • Vision problems/ Blindness
  • Kidney failure
  • Gastroparesis (digestive problems)
  • Stroke
  • Amputations of legs and hands
  • Impotence
  • Fainting/ dizziness
  • Gum disease/ bleeding gums.
  • Peripheral diabetic neuropathy (pain and/or loss of feeling in your toes or fingers).

Diabetes Management

  1. Medication:

Medications help to prevent the onset of and treat diabetes. Some people might be prescribed oral medications or injected insulin. 

  Oral medications work in different ways. For example, Sitagliptin improves the release of insulin from the Pancreas whereas Metformin increases the liver’s sensitivity to Insulin. Other examples of oral Diabetic medications are Glipizide, ACTOS, Precose, Prandin, Glyburide, and much more. 

There are 4 types of injected insulin namely: rapid, short, intermediate, and long-acting insulin. Therefore, you need to consult with your doctor to know which medication best fits you.

2.  Hormone injections with a syringe: 

To prevent the build-up of blood glucose levels, the hormone Insulin is injected into the body during the time the doctor prescribed. 

Common areas where Insulin is injected are the stomach, arms, and thighs. To prevent soreness and bumps from developing at the injection sites, it is advisable to rotate the administration sites. 

It’s quite painful to stick oneself several times a day with a syringe, so Insulin pumps and Continuous Glucose Monitors were produced to relieve you of the stress of daily pricking and will automatically monitor your blood glucose levels.

3. Injections with a pen: 



Insulin injection with a pen is similar to insulin injection with a syringe. The only difference is that the pen comes with a cartridge and when it’s time to administer the medication, you just administer as opposed to a syringe where insulin must be drawn from a vial before being administered. 

Consult with your Doctor before purchasing Insulin pens. Some examples of highly rated insulin pens are Novo NordiskSanofi SoloStarLevemir FlexTouchNovopen Echo, and Timesulin

.

However, you will need pen needle replacements and the most highly rated are Medline,  CareTouch, MedtFine, Easy Touch, and Clever Touch ComfortEZ.

4. Injections with a pump


This is a more sophisticated method to administer Insulin. An insulin pump delivers insulin to the body using a tube which is attached to a person and secured with a patch. 

A small device at the end of the tube monitors the amount of insulin administered and can even alert you when it’s time to refill the insulin. 

Popular Insulin pumps are Medtronic Insulin PumpAnimas Vibe 2ml catridge– box of 10Accu-Chek Combot:slim 3ml catridges and infusion sets + Insulin pumpAsante MySnap, Omnipod PDM pods

5. Eat healthy food:

 

Your meals play a vital role in diabetes management as it reduces blood sugar or helps the cells to absorb insulin more.

 Examples of natural foods that can help you in this journey are almonds, dark chocolate, green tea, apple cider vinegar, cinnamon, and honey. 

Go here to find out The Best Protein Bars For Diabetics.

6. Exercise:

 

You don’t need to sign up for a gym to exercise. You can exercise right from the comfort of your home. 

Examples of simple home exercises are jumping jacks, squats, running on one spot, push-ups, bicep curls, and even dancing will do.

7. Shed weight:


  

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8. Blood Glucose Meters:

 

It is essential to monitor your blood glucose levels to determine if your blood glucose is within the normal range ( fasting => 70–99 mg/dl (3.9–5.5 mmol/L) and after a meal =>lower than 140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/L). 

Monitoring blood glucose levels with a blood glucose meter involves pricking the finger and placing the blood sample on the monitor. 

There is no need to prick fingers anymore with the production of the blood glucose patch as the patch monitors the blood sugar levels. 

However, some patches may malfunction and the only way to be sure of the blood glucose readings is to use the traditional blood glucose meters. 

Examples of some blood glucose meters and their testing kits are CareTouch,  Contour, ijCareKit,  O’welland Dario.

9. Diabetes Phone Apps: 



Phone apps help you make smart and healthy food choices. These apps help you monitor your sugar, carb, hunger, sleep, exercise, mood, and calories among others

Besides, you can reach out to a community of other people like you on the same journey if you have any questions or advice. With some of these apps, you can set reminders and track your history just to see how far you’ve progressed

Diabetes phone apps can be accessed from both Android and iPhone devices, ensuring that you have no excuse to manage your diabetes.

Examples of FREE DIABETES APPS are Fooducate, Health2sync, and BG Monitor. Other apps which you can synchronize with your glucose monitoring devices are Glucosio, Dexcom Share, Beato, 
Calorie King, Glooko, and Medtronic Connect.

10. Continuous Glucose Monitors (CGM): 


CGM’s monitors are similar to insulin pumps in that they are great alternatives to daily finger pricking to measure your blood glucose levels. 

Like Insulin pumps, CGM’s monitor the blood sugar levels every second of the day and night. Everything you need to know about CGM’s are found in the video below. JUST CLICK TO WATCH.

The top recommended CGM’s from customer reviews and quality are Medtronic Glucose MonitorFreeStyle Libre Reader and sensorDexcom G6 Receiver + sensor, and Dexcom G4/G5 Sensors  + Dexcom G5 Receiver + Dexcom G4 Receiver.

 Insulin Pump Clothing Accessories.

According to the American Diabetes Association, about 1 million people are using insulin Pumps worldwide.

About 1 million people are using insulin Pumps worldwide. Click To Tweet

One of the biggest worries plaguing people when they decide to switch from insulin syringes/ pens to insulin pumps is how they will conceal the bulge of the pump under their clothes.

Well, WORRY NO MORE because I have made extensive research and gathered THE BEST INSULIN PUMP CLOTHING ACCESSORIES based on their price, quality, reviews from other customers, and the effectiveness to conceal the pump.

1. Insulin Pump Bands:

These are the most popular as it is versatile and can be worn by both men and women. It can be used daily for exercise, work, and other activities. It comes in several colors and can fit anyone as it expands. In addition, it has soft fabric and can store anything ranging from phones, keys, money, ID’s, and much more.


2. Boxer Briefs

These briefs are suitable for men as it is made up of cotton and spandex.

It comes in 3 pairs and different sizes.

The pocket can hold an insulin pump, phone, passport or any other thing you want to hold on tight to.

3. Insulin Pump Pouch.

This sturdy pouch is worn around the waist and holds an insulin pump in place.

The pouch is big enough to carry other items like vials but is small enough to prevent the insulin pump from moving around.

The pouch also comes in different styles.

The pouch can be worn under your shirt or on top of your shirt to complement your dressing.

4. Insulin Pump Case.

This is the case my dad uses.

It is comfortable and suitable for both men and women.

It can be attached to your trousers either using its strong metal clip or using your belt.

And it fits any type of insulin pump.

5. Insulin Pump Garter.

All the stylish ladies, where you at? 

This was specially made for you guys.

It could be used for weddings, outings or everyday use if you want.

The garter has 2 pockets and a sturdy material that can carry your credit cards, purses, and even your insulin pumps.

Top 5 Adhesive Patches to Extend the Life of Your Sensor.

Does anyone relate to this?

  • Your sensor gets snugged during your change of clothes.
  • You cannot swim because you fear water will reduce your sensor’s lifespan.
  •  After some exercise, your sweat starts lifting your sensor.

If you can relate to 1 or more of the above situations, then you’re in need of some adhesive patches. Below are the top 5 adhesive patches chosen based on their price, quality, and reviews from other customers.

1. Simpatch for Freestyle Libre.

This is the most popular adhesive patch and was designed to fit the freestyle libre sensor. 

The Simpatch comes 25 in a pack and its qualities include: durability, comes in different colors, hypoallergenic, easy to use, breathable, and most importantly 100% money-back guarantee.

2. Skin Grip for Dexcom G4/G5.

This is another famous adhesive patch. It comes 20 in a pack

Its qualities include lasting for over 10 days, easy application, no skin irritation, comfortable, and 100% money-back guarantee.

3. Simpatch for Omnipod Sensors.

Like the others, these adhesives also have great qualities: easy to use, no allergies, 100% money back guarantee, strong, and breathable material.

These adhesives come 25 in a pack and come in a variety of colors.

If you’d like an exciting feeling or for the sake of your kids, you could add these stickers to your sensors.

4. Simpatch for Dexcom G6 Sensors.

The only difference between Dexcom G4/G5 with Dexcom G6 is the design.

Everything else with respect to its durability, maintenance, and money back guarantee is the same.

Dexcom G6 adhesive patches come 25 in a pack and in a variety of colors too.

5. Simpatch for Omnipods with a Strap.

These adhesives offer an additional security measure to your Omnipod compared to the design in number 3 above.

Apart from that, everything else is the same.

By the same, I mean easy to use, no allergies, 100% money back guarantee, strong, and breathable material.

They also come 25 in a pack and in different colors.

Diabetes Questions With Answers.

1. Will Diabetes ever be cured?

As of now, there is no cure for Diabetes.

However, there are exercises, diets, insulin therapy, and medication (see above) that will control the disease and prolong life.

Hopefully, its cure will be found in the future.

2. Can Diabetes kill?

Diabetics can die because of diabetes complications such as Heart disease, Blindness, Kidney failure, Stroke, and Impotence.

However, if these complications are well managed, that person can live a healthy life till when God decides to call him/her.

3. Can Diabetes cause Cancer?

According to WebMD, Diabetes increases the risks of Cancer, but no one knows how.

It is believed that Diabetes medication increases Cancer risk, but there is no proof.

Did you know that Diabetes increases the risk of having Cancer? Click To Tweet

4. Can Diabetes Cause Weight Gain?

Diabetes doesn’t cause weight gain but weight gain is a side effect of Insulin for people who use it to manage their Diabetes.

With regular exercise and healthy eating, weight gain will be an issue of the past.

5. Can Diabetes Cause High Blood Pressure?

Diabetes destroys arteries (a tube that carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the rest of the body).

These destroyed arteries heal, harden, and become narrow (atherosclerosis) thereby increasing the pressure of blood flowing through them.

This increased blood pressure(high blood pressure) can lead to strokes and heart disease as seen in the complications of Diabetes.

6. Are Diabetes and Psoriasis Related?

Yes. People with Psoriasis ( a red, scaly, itchy, patchy skin disease) have a higher risk of getting Diabetes.

7. Why Does Diabetes Occur in pregnancy?

Gestational Diabetes is a term used to describe Diabetes got as a result of pregnancy. 

Gestational Diabetes occurs because the placenta (lining of the Uterus which nourishes the baby through the umbilical cord) makes hormones which lead to the buildup of glucose in the blood. 

Gestational Diabetes often disappears as soon as the baby is born, but it shouldn’t be neglected as Gestational Diabetes may become Type 2 Diabetes (Adult Diabetes or Diabetes that develops)

8. Will Diabetes Cause Hair Loss?

A big fat YES.

Diabetes damages organs like the eyes and kidneys as well as blood vessels. 

Blood vessels carry oxygenated blood to nourish different parts of the body.  If these blood vessels are damaged, that means, there wouldn’t be enough oxygen to nourish the hair follicles. Thereby affecting hair growth. 

9. Will Diabetes Cause Joint Pain?

Yes, but their relationship isn’t clear.

It is believed that Diabetes increases the risk of bone and joint pain.

10. Will Diabetes Cause Boils?

No.

Diabetes doesn’t cause boils. However, blood sugar changes can make your skin more sensitive to infections (fungal and bacterial).

11. Can Diabetes Affect Hearing?

Yes, to a greater extent.

As of now, no one knows how diabetes directly affects hearing loss, but it is believed that just like how diabetes damages the blood vessels of the kidneys and eyes, leading to kidney failure and blindness, it is the same way the blood vessels of the inner ear are destroyed, thereby leading to hearing loss.

12. Can Diabetes Cause Vertigo/Dizziness?

Yes, Diabetes causes Dizziness.

It is caused by the blood sugar fluctuations (high/low blood sugar levels) in the body.

13. Can Diabetes Cause Seizures?

Yes, Diabetes causes Seizures.

The brain needs glucose/ blood sugar to function properly. Low blood sugar levels deprive the brain of its nourishment and the result of this deprivation is seizures.

That is one of the reasons why diabetics monitor their blood sugar levels; to prevent seizures. 

14. Can Diabetes Cause Depression?

Yes, to a greater extent.

This depression could develop due to diabetes daily management such as

blood sugar testing and administration of medication.

If depression is gradually creeping in, don’t hesitate to talk with your doctor about the various options available to manage your depression. 

15. Will Diabetes Make You Itch?

Of course. Itching is one of the symptoms of Diabetes.

High blood sugar levels are the reason is behind the dry skin, thus the itching. 

16. Will Diabetes Make You Sleepy?

Yes. It is believed that the high blood sugar levels can make you sleepy.

17. Diabetes Where Do You Inject Insulin?

The best way to remember these injection sites is to show a diagram.

Insulin Injection Sites
1= The Stomach (around the navel)
2= The Thighs (except the bony area around the knee)
3= The Outer Upper Arms.

18. Will Diabetes Show Up in Blood Work?

Yes, Diabetes will show up in blood work, but it could sometimes go unnoticed.

19. Are Diabetes and Cholesterol Related?

Diabetes and Cholesterol are related.

Diabetes reduces good cholesterol (High Density Liproprotein) and increases bad cholesterol (Low Density Lipoprotein).

PS: Both Diabetes and Cholesterol can lead to stroke and heart disease. Therefore, it is important to control them accordingly.

 

20. Why Diabetes Causes Polyuria.

Polyuria (frequent urination) is one of the symptoms of Diabetes.

Polyuria occurs in Diabetes by the process of Osmosis (a solute such as sugar from a region of high concentration pulls a solvent from a region of low concentration through a semi-permeable membrane).

Sugar pulls water from the body to the kidneys, thus the reason for the frequent urination.

 

21. Why Diabetes Slow Wound Healing

Diabetes slows wound healing in 3 ways.

  • High blood glucose destroys the ability of white blood cells to fight bacteria leading to numerous infections.
  • Diabetes is also linked with poor blood circulation. Red blood cells nourish wounds and lack of blood circulation means your wounds will be unable to heal.
  • One of the symptoms of Diabetes is tingling in the extremities (feet, arms). This tingling you feel is your nerves being damaged.     Damaged nerves= No feelings = more wounds in your extremities.

22. Are Diabetes and Insulin Resistance the same?

Insulin resistance = type 2 diabetes = body cannot use insulin well

This is quite the opposite for Type 1 Diabetes where the body isn’t able to produce insulin.

23. Will Diabetes Cause Vomiting?

Mismanaged Diabetes may lead to Pancreatitis (inflammation of the Pancreas).

This inflammation causes symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting.

Hold Diabetes By Its Horns!

In a nutshell, the most essential way to stay healthy with diabetes is to monitor your blood glucose levels, eat healthy food, exercise, shed weight, No smoking, and treat high blood pressure.

If you have any questions, experience or anything you’d like to share. Please leave them in the comments below.

And which methods do you use to manage your diabetes?

22 thoughts on “Diabetes- Everything You Need to Know.

  1. Awesome, straight to the point information to better understand diabetes. I didn’t realize that diabetes is the third leading cause of death in the United States. Is it possible to die from diabetes itself or can death by diabetes only be caused by any of the listed complications? It’s interesting to see how new technology can help manage those inflicted with diabetes. Thanks for sharing.

    1. Thanks Paul.
      Yes, Diabetes is very deadly.
      And Yes, it’s possible to die from diabetes itself.
      But the complications caused by diabetes such as stroke, heart disease, kidney disease, just to name a few are the most common causes of death by diabetes.
      Over the years, managing diabetes was pretty stressful, but now, everything can be monitored by your device, so you can go about your daily activities stress free.

  2. Great article on such an epidemic of a disease going on in our country right now. I really think the poor quality of our food supply and eating habits of so many Americans is the root of this problem.
    You have provided so much valuable information about the causes and different types of diabetes, thank you for the research and sharing with all of us.

    1. Thanks for your comment.
      I agree with you that our poor eating habits amongst others are one of the leading causes of this killer disease.
      If we could only eliminate the risk factors, I think that the total number of people who develop diabetes will drop.
      Does anyone think otherwise?

  3. Great information on diabetes. I have been doing some research as my son is prone to diabetes. But the reason he is prone is not one you have listed. He has to have hormone therapy because his body does not produce testosterone. So he gets testosterone daily and this also can bring on diabetes. So, he has to really watch what he eats, especially his sugar intake. Thankfully, his last tests ran, still show he is good. It’s a scary disease for sure. Great information.

    1. There are many causes of Diabetes still being discovered.
      Testosterone hormone therapy is one of them.
      Thank God he is doing okay.
      With continuous and proactive management, he’ll be fine 🙂

  4. I have a dear friend who has diabetes, and I am always looking for ways to help her. She suffers terribly, but as I’m reading on your website, I am starting to see that much of what she is going through appears to be somewhat self-inflicted. She doesn’t seem to be making the proper choices with regard to her diet and exercise, etc. I have been thinking this for a while, but now that I’m researching, I can see she is either not being given the right advice, or she is ignoring it. It’s hard with friends sometimes to tell them things. I think I may just direct her to the site to take a look around.

    1. Yeah, I know friends may be stubborn sometimes, but family is worse.
      My dad is diabetic and he always refused to heed advice from my mom and me.
      Anyway, that was before, but now things have changed for the better.
      I agree with you to send her to my site. Maybe she might have a change of heart:)

  5. Hello
    Very nice article on Diabetes. It has a lot of information on this terrible disease. It does run in my family and so far so good the best way I control it is by weight control and exercise so that my blood sugar does not get of control. I do like your recommendations on courses for weight loss. I will check it out.
    Once you are over 50 weight loss is more difficult however if you don’t do it you run a great risk to your health. Look forward to more articles on diabetes and weight control. Any recommendations for losing weight quickly for someone over 50? Cheers Jake

    1. Hi, Jake.
      I’m sorry to hear that Diabetes runs in your family.
      Anyway, you’re already doing a great job controlling it by weight loss and exercise.
      I was very happy for some reason when you said that weight loss is more difficult for people over 50, but not losing weight is detrimental to your health.
      The 1 WEEk DIET works for all age groups. You just need to follow the instructions and be consistent and I promise you that you’ll see results.
      Good luck with crushing Diabetes and keep up the great work 🙂

  6. Diabetes is an awful disease that really needs to be addressed.
    It can cause so many other issues in your body as you state.
    Knowing what your risk factors are can be a tremendous advantage.
    Controlling your blood sugars is an absolute necessity in order to control your diabetes.
    I agree with you that it’s not only consuming sugar that contributes to diabetes. There are many risk factors involved.
    The best thing to do to avoid and treat diabetes is healthy eating and exercise.
    You want to do everything you can to stay healthy and avoid the health issues that diabetes can cause.
    Do you suggest a good blood glucose monitor?

  7. Hi Pearl,

    My grandfather just got diagnosed with type 2 diabetes last week. I was searching the web looking for more info and came across your wonderful website. Thank you for putting together all of this great information. There’s so much about diabetes I didn’t know. I saved your website to my favorites and forwarded a link to my grandfather as well.

    He said he read the whole article and has a better understanding of diabetes and how to keep it under control. Since my grandfather was diagnosed last week, it’s been a wake-up call for everyone in the family. Thanks again for all the valuable information shared in this article. I also shared your post on all of my social media too! I look forward to your next post.

    Jack

    1. I’m sorry to hear that your grandfather has been diagnosed with Diabetes.
      He just needs to follow the Doctor’s advice, and follow the management tips mentioned in the post, and he’ll be okay.
      It’s great to know that I was able to be of help to others.
      This has really inspired me to produce more content.
      Do you have any topic in mind you’d like me to write about?

  8. Thanks for your quick response Pearl and thank you for your advice as well. I was wondering if diabetes causes or contributes to heart disease.

    Thanks again Pearl and keep up the GREAT work!

    Jack

    1. You’re welcome.
      I always do my best to respond to questions and comments within 24 hours.
      Regarding your question, Diabetes contributes to heart disease.
      If you’ve had diabetes for long, there is a bigger possibility that you will develop heart disease.
      High blood glucose from diabetes gradually damages your blood vessels and the nerves that control your heart and blood vessels if not well managed.
      That’s why it’s important to manage your diabetes the right way, that is eating healthy food, exercise, shed weight, No smoking, and treat high blood pressure just to name a few.

  9. Great information on diabetes! I have been doing some research because my son’s doctor says he is prone to getting it. It is not on your list…the reason…but hormone therapy and excess weight can also cause diabetes. Because my son gets hormone therapy (his body does not product naturally) he has to really watch his weight and what he eats. Diabetes is scary so I stay on him as he is 18, and he will be getting his own place soon. I want to make sure I instill good habits right now.

    1. Hey Leahrae,
      I agree with you that Diabetes is really scary.
      There are many causes of Diabetes still being discovered.
      Testosterone hormone therapy is one of them.
      You’ve said it all; his diet and weight really needs to be monitored.
      I know that’s not a big deal because you’re a great mom and you’ve been doing a great job. 🙂

  10. Hey waoo.. thanks for all this info, the information here is very helpful for everyone related to diabetic and also for those who know about this technologies.. hope people can get good benefit from those technologies after reading this article, you described all in nice way… thanks and regards, Shaz

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